Fish Intelligence Links and Resources


There is mounting evidence that fish are more intelligent than people give them credit for. In fact, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) has a whole web site on fish intelligence called

According to Dr. Calum Brown of Edinburgh University, "Fish are cunning, manipulative, cultured, socially intelligent creatures who do not deserve their reputation as being dim-witted."

In an NPR radio interview on fish intelligence, Dr. Jens Krause from the University of Leeds says that fish can learn from each other and can even use tools.  In fact, recent research has shown that in some ways fish are as smart as dogs.

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The intelligence fish possess makes it possible to train them in the same way other animals are trained, using a technique called shaping.

The results can be quite amazing, as you can see from the photo gallery of Fish School graduates and testimonials of fish owners. 

And don't forget to visit the Fish School Forum, to discuss, share tips and hear recent news about the fascinating hobby of pet fish training.

Below are additional links to information on fish learning, animal training, aquarium fish resources.

Fish Learning:

    Newspaper Articles:  1 2 3 4 5

    Scientific Studies:     Goldfish 1, 2, 3, Bettas, Bass, Parrot Fish,
                                        Angelfish, Dolphins, Haddock, Cuttlefish,
                                        Guppies, Sticklebacks, Zebrafish 1 2 3, 
                                        Training for Aquaculture, Map Learning,
                                        Social Learning 1, 2, 3

    Japanese Goldfish Trained to Swim in Formation: Video

Animal Training:

    Fish Training:  How to Train Goldfish Using Dolphins Training
                             Techniques by C. Scott Johnson, ISBN 0533112923

    Other Species: Parrots, Chimpanzees, Primates, Farm Animals,
                              Bears, Chickens

    Techniques:     Conditioning, Reinforcement, Shaping,
                              Clicker Training

Aquarium Fish Resources and Links:

    Aquarium Portals and Forums:
            Aquaria Central
            Aquarium Advice
            Aquarium Fish Magazine Forums
            Aquarium Info Site

            The Aquarium Wiki Encyclopaedia

Species Specific Sites and Forums:     
            Cichlid Forums
            Discus Forums
            Goldfish Utopia
            Koko's Goldfish World

  Aquarium Magazines and Bookstores:
           Tropical Fish Hobbyist
            Aquarium Fish Magazine
           Aquatic Book Shop

 Fish and Aquarium Products:
           Drs. Foster and Smith

    Lists of Top Aquarium Sites: 
            Aqua Pets UK

    Fish Webcams: 
Jason's fish cam