There is mounting evidence that fish are more intelligent than people give them credit for. In fact, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) has a whole web site on fish intelligence called fishing-hurts.com.
According to Dr. Calum Brown of Edinburgh University, "Fish are cunning, manipulative, cultured, socially intelligent creatures who do not deserve their reputation as being dim-witted."
In an NPR radio interview on fish intelligence, Dr. Jens Krause from the University of Leeds says that fish can learn from each other and can even use tools. In fact, recent research has shown that in some ways fish are as smart as dogs.
The intelligence fish possess makes it possible to train them in the same way other animals are trained, using a technique called shaping.
And don't forget to visit the Fish School Forum, to discuss, share tips and hear recent news about the fascinating hobby of pet fish training.
Newspaper Articles: 1 2 3 4 5
Scientific Studies: Goldfish 1, 2, 3, Bettas, Bass, Parrot Fish,
Angelfish, Dolphins, Haddock, Cuttlefish,
Guppies, Sticklebacks, Zebrafish 1 2 3,
Training for Aquaculture, Map Learning,
Social Learning 1, 2, 3
Japanese Goldfish Trained to Swim in Formation: Video
Fish Training: How to Train Goldfish Using Dolphins Training
Techniques by C. Scott Johnson, ISBN 0533112923
Other Species: Parrots, Chimpanzees, Primates, Farm Animals,
Techniques: Conditioning, Reinforcement, Shaping,
Aquarium Fish Resources and Links:
Aquarium Portals and Forums:
Aquarium Fish Magazine Forums
Aquarium Info Site
The Aquarium Wiki Encyclopaedia
Species Specific Sites and Forums:
Koko's Goldfish World
Aquarium Magazines and Bookstores:
Tropical Fish Hobbyist
Aquarium Fish Magazine
Aquatic Book Shop
Fish and Aquarium Products:
Drs. Foster and Smith
Lists of Top Aquarium Sites:
Aqua Pets UK
Jason's fish cam